I'm unlikely to "discover America" if I say that the use of dried tobacco in their products – the prerogative of the greedy cigarette manufacturers. And, since we're talking about the discovery of America, almost from the moment when people are concerned about the preservation of tobacco leaves and tobacco products humidity. Of course, the many of the experiments with tobacco, sometimes bordering on torture, has created a huge number of ways of making up tobacco, including experiments with the terms of its fermentation and tobacco aging. And, as a consequence, there have been "discover" many forms of tobacco storage, which today we call tobacco cuts.
All this time, people were torn between creating of the complicated conditions that allow tobacco to retain its moisture, and reduce the number of necessary effort required to tobacco in final use by smokers. Attractive conditions of tobacco storage in pressed "cakes" bordered with the complexity of the rubbing and packing tobacco into smoking pipe. Although most of the methods of storage of tobacco were invented a long time, people continue to reinvent the wheel today, inventing new ways to store and cutting tobacco leaves. And often making minor changes to the existing methods generate new names, denser muddling tangle of terms and concepts.
Types and methods of pipe tobacco cuts:
This kind of cutting pipe tobacco is a "half-rubbed" Flakes – tobacco, which is kept a some time under pressure. Filling in pipe this tobacco with no additional grinding is not much simpler than Flakes, but it allows to some extent to preserve the rich taste of the inherent smoking solid flakes.
One way is fermented tobacco under pressure for some time. Thereafter, the tobacco may be cut into thin wafers. After cutting the tobacco can be rubbed out on large or small parts. In this form tobacco may be a different blend or as a part of among other components of tobacco blend. For example, cutted Burley may be blended with Virginia, which is to a blend in the form of a Broken Flake.
It literally shavings. Tobacco is cut into a not large parts of different sizes. Often this is due to the fact that the method of tobacco fermentation does not imply obtaining a smooth whole leaves, which may slice smooth and beautiful. In addition, often when creating complex blends, where the chatacteristic of the components used varies so much that cutting to Coarse Cut is the only possible common denominator. For example, a blend of Burley, Latakia, Perique, Virginia and Cavendish is very difficult to lead to a different view. But, as in the case of the Broken Flake, Coarse Cut tobacco may use as different component of the blend, but not the entire blend. For example, "diced" Burley may be blended with Broken Flake Virginia and Coarse Cut Latakia.
The name here speaks eloquently for itself – aged under the pressure tobacco cut to a flakes, which in turn cuts to a middle-sized cubes.
This tobacco cut similar to coins that are cut from a tightly rolled tobacco rope or rolls of tobacco leaves. Small diameter coins of tobacco can also be called "Bird's Eye". This type of cutting may also occur as Spun cut, Rolled Cut or Roll Cake.
Cut Plug, Plug
The "Plug" is hardly name of cuts method, as it is one of the ways the tobacco storage, but nevertheless it is part of the "official" classification of pipe tobacco cuts. Plug is a cutting of large pressed tobacco plates to tobacco briquettes smaller sizes. And finally pipe smokers may cut the plug as it sees fit. In this form, the tobacco requires a little more attention to the preparation for smoking, but the undisputed advantage of this cut is that the tobacco in this way may last much longer maintain its moisture.
The Flake Cut – subjective, one of the most beautiful and delicious kinds of pipe tobacco. Prolonged aging under pressure allows the components of the blend is better and more penetrate into each other. The taste of the tobacco becomes softer and smoother. After pressure the tobacco plates cuting to a flakes 1-1.5 mm wide and packs. Flake tobacco you may smoke as a whole flakes and as rubbed out ribbons. However, smoking is wole flakes requires some skill, but this smoking tobacco gives a dense and full-bodied taste.
Also, this type of cutting is known as Navy Cut.
Krumble Kake (Crumble Cake)
Most often this type of tobacco is a Coarse Cut, aged under the pressure. "Cake" is easy to pinch off and rubbing the necessary for smoking portion of tobacco.
Outwardly, this kind of resembles a chipboard, and that label stuck pretty close to this cutting method in the Russian-speaking pipe smokers society.
Loose cut – the closest relative of Coarse Cut. If the last contains more tobacco leaves in the form of "chips", the Loose Cut tobacco cut to ribbons or predominantly "near-ribbons" formation.
Another close relative of cuts Coarse Cut and Loose Cut. Usually the term is applied to the flavored tobacco, which are based on a blend of base components in different tobaccos cuts.
To some extent this cutting method can be considered "a synonym for" Broken Flake. Most often, the only difference in the thoroughness of rubbing, but in both cases the tobacco preconditioned under pressure. In other words, it is a Flake Cut just rubbed out.
Ribbon Cut – a classic pipe tobacco cutting method. Ribbons may be a small width (Shag Cut), so there may be a medium thickness (Fine Cut). This tobacco is easily packing into a pipe bowl and smoking without much effort.
This method is also hardly to call, as the cut. In general, tobacco is not cut. Tobacco leaves are stacked in layers and often quite tightly pulled together in a rope. Some of the varieties of this rope tobaccos wrapped in cigar leaf by top. Hallmark of blends in this tobacco "cuts" is high strength and a good, strong, full tobacco flavor.
All these tobacco cut types are not only ways or methods of cutting pipe tobacco (despite the fact that this definition is firmly entered to the pipe smokers and tobacconists lexicon), how many kinds of its making, methods of "cooking" caused by tobacco blend. And some of these types are presented to the buyer in "absolutely raw", unsliced forms. In addition, some tobacco blends may include components in different types of cuts.